Park, Robert Ezra

(1864-1944)
A leading member of the Chicago School, who introduced the work of Georg Simmel to a generation of American sociologists, mainly indirectly and via the widely used textbook Introduction to the Science of Sociology (1921) co-authored with Ernest W. Burgess . Park and Burgess were leading practitioners of (and coined the term) human ecology . Much of the theory of what came to be called ‘classical human ecology’ was stimulated by Park's writings and teaching at Chicago (see, for example, his definitive article on’Human Ecology’ in the American Journal of Sociology, 1936). Park argued that the basic process underlying social relationships was competition ; however, because of human interdependence due to the division of labour , this competition always involves elements of unplanned co-operation (thus yielding ‘competitive cooperation’). In this way, people come to form symbiotic relationships, both at the spatial and cultural levels. These ideas are developed in the collection of essays (many by Park himself) on The City (1925) and his monograph onHuman Communities (1952).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Robert Ezra Park — Robert E. Park Pour les articles homonymes, voir Park. Robert Ezra Park, né le 14 février 1864 dans le comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie décédé le 7 février 1944 à Nashville, Tennessee, est un sociologue américain, à l origine de la première École… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Ezra Park — (* 14. Februar 1864 in Harveyville, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania; † 7. Februar 1944 in Nashville, Tennessee) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe. Er ist der Begründer der Chicagoer Schule der Soziologie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Ezra Park — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Ezra Park (14 de febrero de 1864 – 7 de febrero de 1944). Sociólogo urbano norteamericano, y uno de los principales fundadores de la Escuela de Sociología de Chicago. Contenido 1 Vida 2 Obra 3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Park, Robert E. — ▪ American sociologist in full  Robert Ezra Park   born February 14, 1864, Harveyville, Pennsylvania, U.S. died February 7, 1944, Nashville, Tennessee  American sociologist noted for his work on ethnic minority groups, particularly African… …   Universalium

  • Park — Park, Robert Ezra …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Robert E. Park — Robert Ezra Park (* 14. Februar 1864 in Harveyville, Pennsylvania (USA); † 7. Februar 1944 in Nashville) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe. Er ist der Begründer der Chicagoer Schule der Soziologie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Park — Robert Ezra Park (* 14. Februar 1864 in Harveyville, Pennsylvania (USA); † 7. Februar 1944 in Nashville) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe. Er ist der Begründer der Chicagoer Schule der Soziologie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Park — Robert E. Park Pour les articles homonymes, voir Park. Robert Ezra Park, né le 14 février 1864 dans le comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie décédé le 7 février 1944 à Nashville, Tennessee, est un sociologue américain, à l origine de la première École… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PARK (R. E.) — PARK ROBERT EZRA (1864 1944) Si William I. Thomas doit être considéré comme le fondateur de l’école sociologique de Chicago, c’est Robert Park qui en devient la figure la plus marquante au cours des années 1920. Ce dernier n’entre pourtant à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Park — /pahrk/, n. 1. Mungo /mung goh/, 1771 1806?, Scottish explorer in Africa. 2. Robert E., 1864 1944, U.S. sociologist. * * * I Large outdoor area set aside for recreation. The earliest parks were hunting grounds of the Persian kings; such reserves… …   Universalium

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